?
.

?
.

6.1

: , - . :

( : (2), (3), (4), (5), (6) ..) (l- - , SO42- - , - - . .); , , ; , ( ). , [Pd(H2)(N3)2Cl]Cl (II).

. , K2[Pt(OH)3Cl] (3) .

, , , , . , [t(N3)2Cl2] - -.

 

6.2

, () , : [Ag(NH3)2]Cl [Ag(NH3)2]+ + Cl-. , () . , : [Ag(NH3)2]+ ↔ Ag+ +2N3

, . [Ag(NH3)2]+, , , :

[Ag+][NH3]2

=K = = 6,8∙10-8 .

[Ag(NH3)2+]

 

. , . , ,

[Ag(NO2)2]- [Ag(NH3)2]+ [Ag(S2O3)2]3- [Ag(CN2)]-

1,3∙10-3 6,8∙10-8 1∙10-13 1∙10-21

[Ag(CN2)]-, - [Ag(NO2)2]-.

( ) , . , [Ag(CN2)]- [Fe(CN)6]4-. , . , [Ag(CN2)]- [Fe(CN)6]4- . . (/), (/) . , :

[Ag(CN)2]- = Ag+ + 2N- [Fe(CN)6 ]4- = Fe+2 + 6CN-

. C 0 0 0 0

- 2 - 6

 

[Ag+][CN-]2 (x) (2x)2 43 [Fe+2][CN]6 (x) (6x)6 66 7

K = = = = 10-21 , K = = = =∙10-38.

[Ag(CN-)2-] (C- ) [Fe(CN)64-] ( )

, << C = 1 /, ().

= (Ag+) ≈ (10-21 / 4) 1/3 10 -7 (/) ; = (Fe+2) ≈ ( 10-38 / 66 )1/7 10-6 (/).

, [Ag(CN)2]- [Fe(CN)6 ]4-, . .

 

 

[Ag(CN)2]- <=>

Ag + + 2(CN)-

1,0 10-21

[Ag(NH3)2]- <=>

Ag + + 2NH3

6,8 10-8

[Ag(NO2)2]- - <=>

Ag + + 2NO2-

1,5 10-3

[Ag(S2O3)2]3- <=>

Ag + + 2(S2O3)3-

1,0 10-13

[Cd(CN)4]-2]- <=>

Cd2+ + 4(CN)-

1,4 10-17

[Cd(NH3)4]+2 <=>

Cd2+ + 4NH3

2,5 10-7

[Cu(CN)4]-2 - <=>

Cu2+ + 4(CN)-

5,0 10-28

[Cu(NH3)4]+2 <=>

Cu2+ + 4NH3

2 10-13

[Hg(CN)4]-2 <=>

Hg2+ + 4(CN)-

4,0 10-41

[Hg(CNS)4]-2 - <=>

Hg2+ + 4(CNS)-

1,0 10-22

[HgBr4]-2 <=>

Hg2+ + 4(Br)-

2,0 10-22

[HgCI4]-2 <=>

Hg2+ + 4(CI)-

6,0 10-17

[HgI4]-2 <=>

Hg2+ + 4(I)-

5,0 10-31

[Fe(CN)6]-3 <=>

Fe3+ + 6(CN)-

1,0 10-42

[Zn(NH3)4]+2 <=>

Zn2+ + 4NH3

1,0 10-9

[Fe(CN)6]-4 - <=>

Fe2+ + 6(CN)-

1,0 10-38

 

1. , (III):

) [r(2)5l]; ) [Cr(H2)4Cl2]; ) [r(2)2(24)2].

. (III) +3, , - - -1 -2. : ) +3 + (-1) = +2; ) +3 + 2 (-1) = +1; ) +3 + 2 (-2) = -1.

 

2. : [Pt (N 3)3 Cl] Cl, [Co (N3)5 r] SO4.

. [Pt (N3)3 Cl] Cl - (II), [Co (N3)5r] SO4 - ().

3. Ba[Cr(NH3)2(SCN4)]2 (NH4)2 [Pt (O)2 l4].

. Ba[Cr(NH3)2(SCN4)]2 - (III) , (NH4)2 [Pt (O)2 l4] - (IV) .